The story of the Dukes of Dixieland is, in fact, a chapter in the broader saga of one of New Orleans' many musical dynasties, that of the Assunto family, which can boast at least three generations of musicians to its credit. Jac Assunto was one of the first jazzmen to record in New Orleans, documented in 1925 by Ralph Peer as a member of the Midnight Serenaders. The Dukes were formed by his two sons, Freddie and Frank, in 1949, and during the '50s they rose to national prominence, first as a feature of the Bourbon Street scene at the Famous Door, then as a touring act when they traveled to Chicago and Las Vegas in 1955. By this time, "Papa" Jac had joined the band, and the following year, the Assuntos made Las Vegas their headquarters as they prepared to take the country, and the world, by storm. Between 1956 and 1966, the band made numerous recordings, including several with Louis Armstrong, and began an international touring schedule that covered most of North America, Japan, and the Far East.